Vulnerability scanning involves automated tools to identify security vulnerabilities in a software application or network. The aim of vulnerability scanning is to identify and report potential security threats and recommend remediation measures. It provides a security baseline and focuses on known risks.
Penetration testing is a subset of ethical hacking that involves simulating real-world attacks to locate vulnerabilities in a software application. The goal of penetration testing is to identify potential security threats and how to remediate them. Penetration testing can be performed either manually or with automated tools and may include techniques such as social engineering, network scanning, and application-layer testing.
Application Security Testing
Application security testing (AST) is the process of evaluating the security of a software application and identifying potential vulnerabilities. It involves a combination of automated and manual testing techniques, such as code analysis, penetration testing, and security scanning. The goal of application security tests is to detect and mitigate security risks to the software application. AST is important for identifying both external and internal threats.
Web App Security Testing
Web application security testing is a specialized type of AST that focuses on identifying vulnerabilities in web-based applications. This type of testing typically involves a combination of manual and automated testing methods, such as SQL injection testing, cross-site scripting (XSS) testing, and authentication testing.
API security testing involves evaluating the security of an application's APIs and the systems that they interact with. This type of testing typically involves sending various types of malicious requests to the APIs and analyzing their responses to identify potential vulnerabilities. The goal of API security testing is to ensure that APIs are secure from attacks and that sensitive data is protected.
This is important because APIs are vulnerable to specific threats, including denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, API injection, and man-in-the middle (MitM) attacks, where an attacker intercepts the API communications to steal sensitive information.
Security auditing is the process of evaluating the security of a software application or network to identify potential vulnerabilities and to ensure that it is in compliance with security standards and best practices. This type of testing typically includes manual methods, such as code review, vulnerability scanning, and penetration tests.
A risk assessment involves identifying potential security threats and assessing the possible impact of these threats on a software application or network. The goal of a risk assessment is to prioritize the security risks based on their predicted impact and to develop a plan to mitigate these risks.
Security Posture Assessments
Security posture assessments involve evaluating an organization's overall security posture, including its policies, procedures, technologies, and processes. Regular assessments can help to identify potential security risks and recommend ways of improving the overall security strategy and implementation of the organization.